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First Aid: Coughing

First Aid

Coughing is a healthy reflex that helps clear the airways. A severe cough or one that lasts more than a week requires a medical checkup. But many coughs are caused by a that just needs to run its course.

What to Do

  • If your child develops a "barky" or "croupy" cough, sit in a steamy bathroom together for about 20 minutes.
  • Offer plenty of fluids (breast milk or formula for babies; cool water and juice for older kids). Avoid carbonated or citrus drinks that may irritate a raw throat.
  • Run a cool-mist humidifier in your child's bedroom.
  • Use saline (saltwater) nose drops to relieve congestion.
  • Never give cough drops (a choking hazard) to young kids or cough or cold medicine to kids under 6 years of age.

Get Medical Care if Your Child:

  • has severe cough spasms or attacks, wheezing, or stridor (a high-pitched sound when breathing in)
  • has a cough that lasts 3 weeks, gets worse, happens the same time every year, or seems caused by something specific (such as pollen, dust, pets, etc.)
  • has a fever that lasts more than a couple of days
  • is younger than 3 months old
  • is breathing fast or working hard to breathe
  • has a blue or pale color in the lips, face, or tongue during or after coughing

Think Prevention!

Reviewed by: Kate M. Cronan, MD
Date reviewed: June 2018